'Confinement-controlled Chemistry' is a common factor in outstanding fundamental scientific problems in fields such as energy technology, environmental studies, catalysis, and biomedicine. Confinement may also influence environmental issues, for example in ion selective membranes for desalination, morphologically controlled heterojunctions in photovoltaics, electrodes for battery materials in energy technology, or selective ion receptors in nuclear waste. In catalysis artificial enzymes or porous solids are used. In GRK 2376, state-of-the-art experiments and theoretical models are employed to explore how confinement to nanoscale dimensions alters the transition states and pathways of chemical reactions.

0d-2d Small

The collaborative research will determine how the nature of the confining environment, e.g. surface chemistries, surface roughness, or geometry (2D vs. 1D vs. 0D), can ultimately be used to control key features that guide important chemical transformations. For this, a range of new experimental and theoretical tools is developed and applied in order to address the fundamental problem of 'Confinement-controlled Chemistry': the complementary scientific approach will combine supra-molecular chemistry, fast laser spectroscopy, synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy, linear and nonlinear vibrational spectroscopies, single molecule imaging, and theoretical techniques in quantum chemistry, force field and ab initio molecular dynamics and free energy simulations.